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Mozambique Transportations


Transport networks are of major importance to the economy. Mozambique's landlocked neighbours – Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Swaziland-along with South Africa are the main users of the Mozambican transport system.

The railways are the best-developed sector, with three good rail links between major Mozambican ports and neighbouring countries. By independence, almost the entire railway system was owned by the state and passed into the hands of the new government. In 2008, the route system was 4,787 km long; the single largest user is South Africa.

The road network in 2002 totals some 30,400 km, of which 5,685 km are paved, but few roads are suitable for trucks and passenger cars. In 2000, there were 157,600 vehicles, including 81,600 passenger cars and 76,000 commercial vehicles.

Maputo, by far the leading port, has an excellent multi-purpose harbour, with exceptional loading, unloading, and storage facilities; it is a major outlet for South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, and the eastern DROC. Other ports include Beira, Nacala, and Inhambane, which was reopened in 1980 after a 20-year closure. The Mozambican merchant fleet consisted of two foreign-owned cargo ships in 2010.

In 2010, there were 106 airports, 23 of which had paved runways. Mozambique Air Lines (Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique – LAM), the state airline, operates both international and domestic services. In 2001, 264,200 passengers were carried on domestic and international flights. The National Enterprise of Transport and Aerial Labour (Empresa Nacional de Transporte e Trabalho Aéreo – TTA) also provides domestic service. Maputo and Beira have international airports.


Airports :
106 (2010)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 23
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 5 (2010)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 83
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
914 to 1,523 m: 34
under 914 m: 39 (2010)

Pipelines :
gas 918 km; refined products 278 km (2009)

Railways :
total: 4,787 km
narrow gauge: 4,787 km 1.067-m gauge (2008)

Roadways :
total: 30,400 km
paved: 5,685 km
unpaved: 24,715 km (2002)

Waterways :
460 km (Zambezi River navigable to Tete and along Cahora Bassa Lake) (2010)

Merchant marine :
total: 2
by type: cargo 2
foreign-owned: 2 (Belgium 2) (2010)

Ports and terminals :
Beira, Maputo, Nacala





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